Over the course of thousands of years, the Pharaonic civilization was closely associated with religion. Historians considered it one of the most important foundations of Egyptian civilization for more than five thousand years and one of the pillars of the establishment and unification of the Egyptian state.
The worship of the various Egyptian gods continued for more than three thousand years. That is, the symbols of the Egyptian gods were worshiped in a time frame that exceeds the age of the Egyptians condemning Christianity and Islam together!
2800 God was almost worshiped in Egypt, as symbols of all the forces of nature… The most important and most important:
“O beautiful object, renew yourself in your time.”
He is the god of the sun and the creator of the universe, one of the most famous gods in the ancient Egyptian religion. He is also the head of the Holy Savior, which includes gods concerned with the process of the beginning of creation.
The ancient Egyptians believe that sunset means the beginning of the daily journey of Ra, in which he travels with his holy vehicle to the underworld every evening, to fight the evil forces represented in a great snake called Apophis, and then triumphantly triumphant in the high heavens every morning a new day, The ancient Egyptian sign of human emulation, also evidence of the victory of the god of Ra on the forces of chaos and evil.
Re’em merged with several gods, including the god Amun, under the name Amun-Ra, and Amun Ra is the hidden face of the shepherd, and also merged with the god Horus, becoming Ra-Horakhti when the north and south were united.
Where the cult of Ra was spread in the north, and the worship of Horus spread in the south, the priests united the gods to become one God under the name of “Re – Hor – achti”, which is the image of a man with a hawk head symbol (God Horus) His head is the disk of the sun symbol (God Ra).
“I am singing for you, and I have become proud of you, and I have put my hands on my song to sing to you. I sing to the children of the singers and tell them how to sing in the splendor and splendor of your face.”
Amun is the sun god and fertility, the hidden face of the shepherd, and is always photographed in the form of a man wearing a crown out of which Rashtan, and the name of Amun means submerged or hidden or hidden, so it was communicating with him only prayer and Mnajath, So he had a great popularity, especially among the poor who had nothing but the worship and submission of God, at a time when the worship of the gods was spread through offerings and materialism.
Amun was different from all the other gods. His absence from the image and his being hidden is only spiritual. His worship has become close to being a monotheistic worship. He became the only God and all the other gods, a picture of him and a reflection of him.
He became visible and invisible at the same time, visible in the image of Ra, who is manifested in the sun, hidden and mysterious and separated from the world as Amun, and the correct pronunciation of the name of God is not known as Amon , But “Emin” with the tilt of the fracture to the opening, the hieroglyphics use only consonants.
“Aya son of Osiris, born by Isis, the greatest god in the temple of Enot, the first Horus of your weapon”
is the god of war and justice, the son of Isis and Osiris. Horus is portrayed as a falcon, the title of his father’s protector for his revenge on his uncle “Six” the god of evil, and after the victory of Horus in his famous battle with his uncle became a god of life and a symbol of justice. In the realization of justice as Horus did, and the title of Horus with many titles, such as Horus Hakim, the Savior, and that in the highest.
Horus was appointed to his father in an attempt to restore life to him. From that moment on, Horus was considered an important religious symbol for the ancient Egyptians. They called it “the eye that sees everything” and the people took it as an amulet to protect themselves from evils. For help and protection from Horus.
Osiris is the god of calculation in the underworld Osiris
“Peace be upon you, Ayya Osiris, Lord of Eternal, King of God,
was a god of life and fertility in the world, before his brother, the god of Satan, killed him, to become the God of the dead and the account in the underworld. Osiris is in the image of a man with the white crown of Upper Egypt on his head. He has a false beard and holds a scepter in his hands. His arms are crossed.
He is the eldest son of the god of the earth, the god of heaven, and he is one of the founders of the Heliopolis or the Holy IX, the title of the king of the living, the Lord of love who remains pleasant and young forever, and master of silence.
“I am all that was and everything that will be and does not exist, able to reveal my veil”
She is the goddess of motherhood and sorcery, the sister of the god Osiris and his loving and loving wife, who has become an example of love and loyalty. Isis is always in the image of a woman with the throne on her head and in her hand the key to life.
The mother of God Horus, who was born by magic after the life of her husband Osiris, who was plotted by his brother “six” God of evil and said, and gave Horus to take revenge for his father was.
Isis is famous for its famous collection, from its titles also: the throne, the goddess of secrets, and the goddess of all beginnings.
The god Athen, whom King Akhenaten called to worship after
“You shine beautiful and glorious in the horizon of the sky .. Which immortal is never Aton any first life”
the cult of Amun reached its peak, the sanctification of the sun spread and they called it Athen, the god announced by King Akhenaten in his call for a new monotheistic religion. Aton is in the form of the sun disk with its clearly visible ending with human hands holding the key to life.
After Akhenaten’s death, Aten returned to the Egyptian gods, and his monotheistic call has completely vanished. From the titles of Athen: the heat emanating from the disk of the sun, the Lord of the two horizons, which glitters in his horizon in his name, and finally the father of Ra.
Hathor Goddess of beauty, love, and music
“Hathor will make your face full among the gods, open your eyes so that you see every day, magnify your place and make your voice overpower your enemies.”
is the daughter of Ra and the goddess of music, love, and beauty. She is portrayed in many forms. Sometimes she is portrayed as a cow, sometimes as a woman with a sun on her head between cow’s horns and sometimes a woman with a cow’s head and a cow here as a symbol of peace and love.
The name Hathor means the sanctuary of Horus. It is the mother of Horus who took care of him after the death of his mother Isis to search for the remains of Osiris, so it is also a symbol of motherhood. Women often take role models and role models in giving and love. ; Queen of Dance and Mistress of Joy.
“You are glorified in heaven, capable of the earth, and the queen of the underworld.”
She is the goddess of heaven and the mother of Ra, one of the oldest and most important gods in the ancient Egyptian religion. She is one of the nine gods of the beginning of creation. Notot is the sister of God, the god of the earth. Their father is God, the god of the air. Their mother is the goddess Tafnut, goddess of humidity and rain.
Naut is embodied in the form of a starry woman who covers the world with her body from east to west. The ancient Egyptians called her many titles: covering the heavens, carrying thousands of souls, protecting them, and protecting the dead as they were also the gods of the dead, To protect the dead and accompany him on his journey to the other world.
He is the god of the earth. He is in the form of a man whose color is green. Sometimes he is depicted in the form of a man with a goose on his head. There is always a mountain lying on the ground.
There is a belief in the ancient Egyptian religion that if it were not for the marriage of Jabb from Notot, there would be no life, and that by marriage they had all the gods and the sun so that the father was the father of the gods. Then Shaw, the god of the air, separated them forever, Where the inhabitants of the sky dwelled, while the earth remained on the earth, people poured water and plants.
He must be responsible for everything that happens on the ground, from planting germination to earthquakes and floods. The ancient Egyptians had a childish belief that it was Jib’s laughter that caused earthquakes and that his kindness and mercy made the land germinate.
“That great lady is beloved of Ptah, the Lady of the Earthlings.”
She is the daughter of Ra’s fierce fighter and Earth Lady, as the ancient Egyptians called the goddess of war and destruction sent by Ra to punish the rebels and excommunicate him. Sekhmet is embodied in the form of a woman with a lion’s head, topped by the sun surrounded by a cobra and holding the key to life. And the name of the mean means.
It is a source of strength for the ancient Egyptians. They have always used it in times of war, and because their power and infinity were endless, they were praying and holding rituals and rituals, asking them to stop the war, fighting, and death.
The daughter of Ra, the goddess of fire, the goddess of slaughter, the lady of war, and finally the great lady, beloved of Ptah, all these titles show how powerful she is.
Alongside these gods – which may be considered the most important gods – or the Supreme Gods – there are hundreds of them built temples and giant murals, as evidence that Egypt has not been in the long history of the concept of religion never, and that the Nile was considered one of the most important civilizations around the world Its creativity was linked to the principles of religion, and the symbolic power of the ruler as God’s shadow on Earth.
Seth, also called Setekh, Setesh, or Set, ancient Egyptian god, patron of the 11th nome, or province, of Upper Egypt.
The worship of Seth originally centered at Nubt (Greek Ombos), near present-day Ṭūkh, on the western bank of the Nile River. Nubt, with its vast cemetery at nearby Naqādah, was the principal predynastic center in Upper Egypt. The town lost its preeminent position with the unification of Egypt about 3050 BCE, which was carried out under kings whose capital was Abydos and whose royal god was Horus.
Seth was represented as a composite figure, with a canine body, slanting eyes, square-tipped ears, tufted (in later representations, forked) tail, and a long, curved, pointed snout; various animals (including aardvark, antelope, ass, camel, fennec, greyhound, jackal, jerboa, long-snouted mouse, okapi, oryx, and pig) have been suggested as the basis for his form. Because even the ancient Egyptians rendered his figure inconsistently, it is probably a mythical composite.
Anubis is known as the god of death and is the oldest and most popular of ancient Egyptian deities. The ancient Egyptians revered Anubis highly because they believed he had tremendous power over both their physical and spiritual selves when they died.
References to Anubis are found in texts dating back to the Old Kingdom. His fame lasted until the Middle Kingdom when his role as God of death was taken over by Osiris and Anubis became Osiris’ assistant.
Anubis is the Greek translation of what the ancient Egyptians called him originally: Inpu or Anpu. Although the ancient Egyptian word for royal child is inpu, it is more likely that this god’s name stems from the word “imp” which means “to decay.”
Anubis was either seen as a man with a jackal head or completely in the form of a jackal.
In ancient Egypt, scavengers like jackals ruled the cemeteries. They dug up the freshly buried and tore at their flesh and ate it. Historians believe that this is what prompted the ancients to portray the god of the afterlife as a jackal, to fight fire with fire. New genetic research indicates that the ancient Egyptian jackal is not a jackal at all, but an ancient wolf.
Anubis’ skin is often depicted as black, while jackals are typically brown. The reason is that the color black is a symbol of death, but also a symbol of the Nile’s fertile and black soil.
Nephthys was the fourth child born to the god of the earth and the goddess of the sky, making her one of the most ancient deities in Egyptian mythology. She held the astute designation of membership in the Ennead of Heliopolis, which means the collection of nine. The Ennead consisted of Atum, who was the very first of the gods, and his children and grandchildren. A very powerful group of deities worshipped at the cult center of Heliopolis. Her reign as an important goddess lasted all the way through the very last Egyptian dynasty.
Nephthys is identified as the goddess of the transition of death. That sounds pretty morbid, but actually, she’s a helper, watching over the mummies and comforting the families of the deceased. Her name translates to the lady of the house, but don’t mistake her for a housewife – she was a high priestess overseeing the temple house and the house of the heavens.