Space travel in the future will require a new way of thinking and be abandoning human centrality in everything. The aim of these attempts must be to spread life in space rather than the spread of the human race. I think we should take a long-term plan for space invasion and look at life from a more holistic concept. The scheme must be designed on the basis of transferring life to the outside of the planet instead of humans. Today we are thinking about moving the human race to Mars, but this is a very erroneous thought in my mind.
There is no doubt that the twenty-first century will be the century of space travel within the history of the development of human civilization, but I think we have a dilemma to examine and find innovative solutions to it. The problem is that outer space is not a friend of mankind and we have not evolved to live on the surface of any other planet than the planet.
This means that all research done is research biased to Earth-like features. This is narrow-minded research. For example, traveling to Mars could happen in the next 20 years. But what is the benefit of this travel? The traveling humans will be exposed to lethal amounts of radiation within the flight and on the planet’s surface and thus they must find solutions such as life under Mars and other solutions. If our plan involves the transfer of certain types of life (bacteria, for example), the options become very wide. Here I am talking about sending objects that are currently present or can be specially designed for future life in space.
For example, there is an interesting microscopic object called the water bear or Tardigrades. This object may change many of our existing concepts of life as we know it. The water bear has a mouth, two eyes, a digestive system and a neurological device. Its size is about 1 mm, wrapped in a material similar to the material that encapsulates the insects and has eight legs that help it move.
It has a mouth shaped like a shaft where it implants its shaft inside the plant cells and absorbs the protein content within it. We have no idea how this object evolved and what evolutionary story is, but we have been able to monitor 800 different species on Earth so far.
The water bear can live in very harsh conditions as it can withstand the pressure of about 1,000 times the pressure of the Earth’s atmosphere and can withstand temperatures up to 300 degrees Celsius and coexist with temperatures close to 272 degrees below zero. This organism can carry solar radiation without affecting the acidity of the nucleus, as does the rest of the living organisms (self-correcting DNA). The water bear has a wider spread than the geographical spread of the human species, as it is everywhere and lives mostly in the humid environment where there are water and algal vegetation.
Can survive for more than 10 years without any food, but if the conditions surrounding it change sharply, this organism enters a type of bio-death as its outer shell produces a protein-like protein that protects its cells as long as it is in the case of this vital death. When a water bear is in a state of bio-death, it hides, making it easier to move through the wind to its smaller size, which may transport it to places with more favorable conditions.
When the surrounding conditions change properly, the water bear returns to normal life and can survive in a temporary state of temporary death.
In 2007 NASA sent a group of water bears into space and placed them in the space vacuum without any protection and the rest of the sample on this situation for several days. When NASA’s mission returned to Earth, it was found that the water bill was still alive and that they had developed new eggs during the flight. The features of this genetic organism may help us design the seeds of life destined for space travel.
Our human nature urges us to explore. We always plan on how we can reach the peak of that mountain or the bottom of this ocean in order to plant our flag on it, declaring it and our discovery of that spot or other. When the first man was placed on the moon, the flag of the United States had to be planted by announcing the arrival of the human race to this body, which has long been the mythology around it. I think that space travel requires thinking differently from this human way confined to the physical transition of human beings to a new place within the solar system or beyond.
We are always looking for a rocky planet that has a mass close to the mass of the earth (approximating gravity) and at a distance that checks the existence of water in its triple form (solid, liquid, gas). These conditions in the research are based on the assumption that Ghassan, who is searching, is the same person who must move to that planet. But if we adopt a new look at space travel where the goal is to move life into space in general and not humans in particular, this will change the terms of research and will yield greater benefits in the long term.
As human beings, we feel responsible for the continuation of the human race. This leads us to research and discovery. But in fact, once a human group moves to another planet, this group will evolve over time to become a new human species (because of the geographical separation that prevents genetic mixing) On the planet.
This means that whatever we do, we do not work so that humankind can invade space, but a kind of smart life that can sustain life outside the Earth. Success in the transfer of the human race outside the solar system is a failed task in advance and here I focus on the word type, but adopting a plan to send life out of the solar system with tools may contribute to the development of this life in a way that develops the intelligence possible to communicate with us again may be a more effective idea Future.
This changes the search criteria, so we can send types of life that are able to withstand difficult conditions and genetically designed to multiply and develop in new worlds. We do this process in every direction in the universe and work to track its evolution. This first step will not have any tangible result for existing humans or even for millions of years but it is the only logical way to keep life out of the solar system.
In fact, we may be the result of the evolution of similar attempts of living beings that preceded us by sending the seed of life in every direction. This hypothesis is called panspermia or omnipotence. Imagine what will happen to these genetically engineered cells from us after tens of millions of years. New smart objects may develop and begin attempts at space travel outside of their place of residence. At some point, they may meet with each other.
The transition of humans to space is not a sustainable or achievable project in my own view, because the Earth’s signature is engraved in our DNA. We evolved over millions of years to breathe oxygen as part of the process of solar metabolism obtained by other neighborhoods that at some point stored carbohydrates as a result of the process of photosynthesis. Yes, I think that visiting Mars is a good idea, but the belief that we will live on the planet without developing technology that changes the planet’s climate in proportion to our genetic signature is unrealistic.
To send the seeds of life and send with them a message that this life may someday develop and disintegrate and communicate with our grandchildren again. We are the seeds of life that your ancestors sent millions of years ago.